There’s a lot of new terminology in the field of herbal medicine. Enjoy this glossary of terms that should aid in your studies.


Apothecary– 1. derived from the word apotheca, meaning a place where wine, spices and herbs were stored (x)
2. a druggist; a pharmacist (x) 

Aromatherapy– the use of fragrances to affect or alter a person’s mood or behavior (x) 


Celiac Disease– an autoimmune disorder that can occur in genetically predisposed people where the ingestion of gluten leads to damage in the small intestine (x)

Cheese Cloth– a thin, loosely woven cloth of cotton, used originally for making and wrapping cheese


Decoction– a liquid preparation made by boiling a medicinal plant with water


♦ Essential Oils– any of a class of volatile oils that give plants their characteristic odor and are used especially in perfumes and flavorings, and for aromatherapy (x)


Gluten-free Diet– a diet that excludes the protein gluten. Gluten is found in grains such as wheat, barley, and rye (x)

♦ Glycerite– 1. a medicinal preparation made by mixing or dissolving a substance in glycerin (x)
2. Alcohol-free tincture, tincture alternative

GMO– (Genetically Modified Organism) an organism or microorganism whose genetic materialhas been altered by means of genetic engineering (x)


Herba plant when valued for its medicinal properties, flavor, scent, or the like (x) 

Herbal Medicine-the art or practice of using herbs and herbal preparations to maintain health and to prevent, alleviate, or cure disease (x)

Herbal Remedy-a plant or plant part or an extract or mixture of these used to prevent alleviate, or cure disease (x)

Herbal Tea– a tea made of dried herbs and spices and usually containing no caffeine (x)

Herbalism– the study or practice of the medicinal and therapeutic use of plants, now especially as a form of alternative medicine.

Herbalist– 1. a person who grows, sells, or uses herbs to treat illness (x)
2. a person who practices healing by the use of herbs
3. a person who collects or grows herbs


Infused Oil– Oil that has extracted the properties or flavors of a plant over time that is then used in cooking or in herbal medicine


Loose Leaf Tea– dried crushed tea leaves sold in a packet or container rather than in individual tea bags or sachets


No Poo Method– the method of washing your hair with noncommercial or homemade shampoos and conditioners, typically using baking soda and vinegar


Organic Food– produce and other ingredients that are grown without the use of pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, sewage sludge, genetically modified organisms, or ionizing radiation. Animals that produce meat, poultry, eggs, and dairy products do not take antibiotics or growth hormones. (x)


Paleo Diet– a diet based on the types of foods presumed to have been eaten by early humans, consisting chiefly of meat, fish, vegetables, and fruit, and excluding dairy or grain products and processed food.

Poultice– a soft, moist mass of cloth, bread, meal, herbs, etc., applied hot medicament to thebody


Salve– a medicinal ointment for healing or relieving wounds and sores (x) 


Tincture– 1. a solution of alcohol or of alcohol and water, containing animal, vegetable, orchemical drugs. (x)
2. liquid extracts made from herbs that you take orally (x) 

Traditional Chinese Medicine– a system of primary health care that includes                     acupuncture, Chinese herbal medicine, remedial massage, exercise and breathing therapy, and diet and lifestyle advice. (x)


Vegan– a person who does not use any animal products (x) 

Vegetarian– a person who does not eat meat, and sometimes other animal products,       for moral, religious, or health reasons.


Western Medicine– the type of medical treatment that is the most popular in North America and Western European countries, based on the use of drugs and surgery to treat symptoms (x)

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